Autism

What is Autism?

Autism is a developmental disorder that is characterized by impaired development in communication, social interaction, and behavior.

What are the signs and symptoms of autism?

The obvious signs and symptoms of autism are impairment in social interaction and communication and stereotypical behavior or repetitive behavior.

What specialists deal with Autism?

A Psychiatrist and a Psychologist is eligible to diagnose autism and help the patient deal with the process.

What are the causes/ risk factors of Autism?

Autism is thought to be a biologically-based disorder. Some risk factors for autism include high maternal age at the time of birth of the child, prenatal medication use,abnormal development of the brain.

Is Autism genetic?

There hasn’t been any research where it proves that autism is genetic. In some families, autism seems to be passed from generation to generation. In other families, autism is not found in prior generations, but affects multiple siblings.

Can any medication or vaccines cause Autism?

Some researches show that some medications, vaccines or vaccine preservatives taken by the mother or the newborn child may cause symptoms of autism.

When can a child be diagnosed as having Autism?

The disturbance in the normal development starts to manifest by the age of 3, so a child can be diagnosed only after the age of 3.

What medications are used to treat Autism?

No medication has consistently proven to be of benefit for either curing or comprehensively managing autism. However, medications are given for specific traits like aggression, hyperactivity and repetitive behavior that the patient might be showing.  haloperidol , aripiprazole ,methylphenidate, risperidone are some of the medications that are given to the patient.

What are the common side effects of these medications?

The common side effects of these medications can be weight gain, hyperactivity, irritability.

Are any dietary supplements given to patients with Autism?

Dietary supplements that include omega 3 fatty acids is an intervention as a part of the treatment. However, there is insufficient research to determine whether or not such interventions are helpful or harmful.

What is the prognosis for patients with Autism?

Persons with autism seem to have a higher mortality rate at younger ages compared to average individuals. There is a lot more risk for them to develop infections. It is, therefore, important for the autistic population to receive good medical care from health care professionals who have knowledge and experience in addressing their unique medical needs.

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