What are phobias?

Phobia is the intense experience of fear or anxiety which may be associated with either a specific object or situation or a perceived threat. This experience of intense fear or anxiety occurs when the person is exposed to the particular object or situation with which the fear is associated with. It may also occur if the threat is perceived.

How Does a Phobia Differ from Fear?

Fear and anxiety are emotions that most of us experience in different situation. Phobia is the intense experience of fear or anxiety which is associated with either a specific object or situation or a perceived threat.

Types for phobias

There are different types of phobias which can be classified into specific and non-specific phobias:
Specific phobias
Specific phobias is the association of fear or anxiety and the specific object or situation e.g. fear of heights, flying, blood, animals etc.
Non - specific
Non – specific refers to the experience of anxiety when a threat is perceived e.g. anxiety about getting a panic attack, not being able to escape from a place if panic attack occurs.

Symptoms of phobias

Symptoms of Phobia can be physiological as well as a psychological in nature.
1)Physiological symptoms would include:
• sweaty palms,
• palpitations,
• tremors in hands or legs,
• dry throat etc.
2)Psychological symptoms include:
• blanking out,
• fumbling for words,
• perceiving the threat or danger in a more intense manner than it actually is.

Causes of phobias

• an experience of a traumatic event(being stuck somewhere, or being attacked by someone or something)
• informational transfer e.g.(reading a news report of a traumatic event or narration of a traumatic event by             another person),
• observing others going through a traumatic event
• an unexpected panic attack in a to be feared situation.

Counselling for Phobias and Fears: 

Phobias are an excessive and irrational fear reaction. If you have a phobia, you may experience a deep sense of dread or panic when you encounter the source of your fear. The fear can be of a certain place, situation, or object. Unlike general anxiety disorders, a phobia is usually connected to something specific. The impact of a phobia can range from annoying to severely disabling. People with phobias often realize their fear is irrational, but they’re unable to do anything about it. Such fears can interfere with your work, school, and personal relationships. Along with this, people who have phobias also have to deal with the intense fear, anxiety and helplessness that they are haunted with.

 

How Can We Help With Counselling?

Our Expert Counselors will gather information about your phobias, and assess the triggering thoughts and beliefs that produce the intense fear in your mind. Once that is achieved they will help you to overcome the fear and cope with the negative emotions in a better manner using various types of emotional and behavioral techniques like Exposure Treatment, Counter Conditioning etc. By the end of the online sessions you will be equipped with skills that will enable you to cope with the fear and anxiety of the phobia in a more positive and healthy way.